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For ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH + PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessing Patient Safety Culture Among Medical Laboratory Technologists in Transfusion Medicine Services in Ministry of Health Hospitals in Malaysia

Category
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
ACCIDENTS
ACCIDENT PREVENTION
SAFETY
PATIENT SAFETY
HEALTH OCCUPATIONS
MEDICINE, TRADITIONAL
INTERNAL MEDICINE
HEMATOLOGY
TRANSFUSION MEDICINE
HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
HEALTH FACILITIES
BIOLOGICAL SPECIMEN BANKS
BLOOD BANKS
PERSONS
OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS
HEALTH PERSONNEL
MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL

Unsafe Transfusion Practices Expose Patients To The Risk Of Adverse Transfusion Reactions And Infection Transmission. Values, Beliefs, Attitudes, And Behaviours Shared Among Organisation Members Contribute To The Culture Of Patient Safety And In The Workplace. A Positive Safety Culture Enhances Organisation Safety Outcomes. Many Countries Focus Mainly On Clinical Staff Dealing With Direct Patient Care When Dealing With Patient Safety Issues. This Study Aims To Assess Patient Safety Culture Among Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLTs) In Transfusion Medicine Services In Public Hospitals. This Was A Cross-sectional Study That Was Conducted From October Until November 2020 In All Public Hospitals In Malaysia. The Validated Bilingual Version Of The Hospital Survey On Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) Was Used. The Inclusion Criteria Were All MLTs In All Public Hospitals Involved In Transfusion Medicine Services In Their Daily Work And During On-calls. MLTs Who Were Only Involved With Mobile Support Blood Banks Were Excluded. Universal Sampling Was Applied.


Assessment of Human Exposure to Ambient PM 2.5 Pollution Using Smartphone Application

Category
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
AIR POLLUTION
EPIDEMIOLOGIC METHODS
STATISTICS AS TOPIC
SPATIAL ANALYSIS

The Current Information On Air Pollution May Not Be Dependable For Health Risk, As There Are Limitations In Terms Of The Spatial And Temporal Resolutions Of The CAQMS. Initially, The Lack Of Ground-based Monitoring Stations In Malaysia Poses A Significant Challenge To Effectively Monitoring Air Quality On A Regional Scale. In An Effort To Address This Issue, This Study Is Currently Underway To Enhance Air Quality Parameter Estimates. This Study Integrates Atmospheric And Meteorological Data, Advanced Statistical Methodologies, And Big Data Analytics To Ensure Accurate Estimations Of Air Pollutant Concentrations. The Resulting Projections Will Encompass The Extended Klang Valley Region, Which Includes Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, And Negeri Sembilan. The Ultimate Objective Is To Develop A Model That Can Be Applied To Cover The Entirety Of The Country, Thereby Improving Air Quality And Safeguarding Public Health. This Study Employed Advanced Statistical Analysis And Air Modelling Techniques To Provide Accurate Estimates Of PM2.5 Concentrations In The Greater Klang Valley Region. The MAQS Readings Indicated A High Level Of Precision With R2 Values Ranging From 0.7 To 0.9, Which Suggests That The Instrument Is Reliable And Accurate In Detecting PM2.5 Concentrations. The IDW Interpolation Result Demonstrated The Distribution Of PM2.5 Concentration Highest Mostly In Klang, Petaling And Kuala Lumpur Throughout This Study. On Another Note, Gombak, Hulu Langat And Seremban Depicted High PM2.5 Concentrations During July, August And September. According To The OLS Model, Temperature And Relative Humidity Were Significantly Associated With Estimating PM2.5 Concentration For The Whole Greater Klang Valley. The Coefficients Estimate Between All Models For Each District Explicitly Closest To Each Other. Therefore, It Can Be Inferred That One Best-fit Model Can Represent The Entire Greater Klang Valley.


MALAYSIAN BURDEN OF DISEASE AND INJURY STUDY 2015-2017

Category
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
HEALTH SURVEYS
HEALTH STATUS INDICATORS
GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE

Developed By The Global Burden Of Disease (GBD) Study, Burden Of Disease Is A Summary Measure Of Population Health. The Overall Burden Of Disease, Measured In DALY, Combines The Potential Years Of Life Lost (YLL) Due To Premature Death And The Years Lost Due To Disability (YLD), An Equivalent Of Potential Healthy Years Lost Due To Poor Health, Illness Or Disability. The Present Study Aims To Provide A Comprehensive Assessment Of Premature Mortality And Morbidity (non-fatal Health Outcomes) Attributable To Diseases And Injuries By Age And Sex Specific For 2015 Until 2017. Therefore, The Objectives Can Be Specified As Follow: 1. To Calculate The Burden Of Premature Mortality (YLLs) By Age And Gender In Malaysia For 2015 Until 2017. 2. To Calculated The Burden Of Morbidity (YLDs) By Age And Gender In Malaysia For 2015 Until 2017. 3. To Calculate The Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) By Age And Gender In Malaysia For 2015 Until 2017. The Study Used Secondary Data Available For Estimating The Burden Of Diseases. The Data Selected Range From 2015 Until 2017, Involving Both Mortality And Morbidity Data. The Data Where Then Estimated Into The Burden Analysis For Each Diseases And Conditions. The Outcome Of This Study Was To Estimate The Leading Cause Of Death And Burden Of Disease And Injury By Gender And Age-specific In Global Burden Of Disease Format. All The Findings Will Be Used By The Researchers In NIH, IKN, DOSM And MOH HQ For Research Purposes, Policy Driven Programs, And Financial Budgeting In Healthcare.


National Health and Morbidity 2012: Malaysia Global School-based Student Health Survey

Category
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
SMOKING
DRINKING BEHAVIOR
ALCOHOL DRINKING
SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
MENTAL HEALTH
ORAL HEALTH
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
EXERCISE
MENTAL DISORDERS
SUBSTANCE-RELATED DISORDERS
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, ORAL
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
CAUSALITY
PROTECTIVE FACTORS
SOCIAL SCIENCES
SOCIOLOGY
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
VIOLENCE

The 2012 Malaysia GSHS Was Conducted From 23 February To 26 April 2012 Involving Form 1 To 5 Students From 234 Schools Throughout Malaysia. The Survey Used A Two-stage Cluster Sampling Design. The Objectives Of This Study Were To Determine The Prevalence Of Health-related Behaviours, Risky Behaviours And Protective Factors Among Secondary School Students In Malaysia. The Survey Was Administered Using A Self-administered Questionnaire.


National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2018: Elderly Health

Category
SOCIAL SCIENCES
QUALITY OF LIFE
SOCIOLOGY
SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS
SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
SOCIAL SUPPORT
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
VIOLENCE
ELDER ABUSE
NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES
BRAIN DISEASES
DEMENTIA
NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATIONS
SENSATION DISORDERS
VISION DISORDERS
HEARING DISORDERS
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
DEPRESSION
SMOKING
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING
EXERCISE
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
ACCIDENTS
ACCIDENTAL FALLS
PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
UROLOGICAL MANIFESTATIONS
LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS
URINARY INCONTINENCE
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
ORAL HEALTH
DEMOGRAPHY
HEALTH STATUS
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
NUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC DISEASES
METABOLIC DISEASES
GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS
DIABETES MELLITUS
LIPID METABOLISM DISORDERS
DYSLIPIDEMIAS
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
VASCULAR DISEASES
HYPERTENSION
NEOPLASMS

National Health And Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2018: Elderly Health Was Part Of NHMS V (2015-2018). The Objective Of This Survey Was To Provide Health Related Community-based Data And Information To The Ministry Of Health To Review Health Priorities, Program Strategies And Activities, And To Plan For The Allocation Of Resources For Pre-elderly And Elderly Health Care Services. This Survey Was Conducted As A Nation-wide Community-based Survey Targeting Elderly Aged 60 Years Or More And Pre-elderly Aged 50 To 59 Years. Data Was Collected Via Face To-face Interview At Respondent’s Homes Using Mobile Devices With Various Assessments Done Based On Topics. A Total Of 5,636 Living Quarters Were Approached With 7,117 Respondents Successfully Interviewed.


NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY SURVEY 2017: ADOLESCENT HEALTH AND NUTRITION SURVEY

Category
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
NUTRITIONAL PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
EATING
MENTAL DISORDERS
SUBSTANCE-RELATED DISORDERS
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, INTRAVENOUS
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, ORAL
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
ORAL HEALTH
MENTAL HEALTH
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION
INTERNET ADDICTION DISORDER
SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
DRINKING BEHAVIOR
ALCOHOL DRINKING
TOBACCO USE
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
EXERCISE
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
CAUSALITY
PROTECTIVE FACTORS
SOCIAL SCIENCES
SOCIOLOGY
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
VIOLENCE
DIAGNOSIS
DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES
PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
ANTHROPOMETRY
FOOD AND BEVERAGES
FOOD
MEALS
NUTRIENTS
VITAMINS
TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY, AND AGRICULTURE
INDUSTRY
FOOD PACKAGING
FOOD LABELING

Two Main Scopes Will Be Included In The Survey. Scopes In The 2012 Survey Will Be Repeated And An Additional Scope On Oral Health Will Be Included 1. The Global School Health Survey (GSHS) GSHS Surveillance Project Designed By The World Health Organisation To Help Countries To Measure And Assess The Behavioural Risk Factors And Protective Factors In 10 Key Areas Among Young People Aged 13 To 17 Years (form 1 To 5). The GSHS Is A Relatively Low-cost School-based Survey Which Uses A Self-administered Questionnaire To Obtain Data On Young People's Health Behaviour And Protective Factors Related To The Leading Causes Of Morbidity And Mortality Among Children And Adults Worldwide. As In The Previous Survey, Additional Modules On Mental Health To Cover Depression, Anxiety And Stress Will Be Included The Survey. 2. National School-Based Nutrition Survey The National School-Based Nutrition Survey Consisted Of A Few Nutrition-related Components, Including Nutritional Status, Meal Pattern, Physical Activity, Behaviour Modification, Supplement Intake, Food Frequency Intake, And 24-hour Dietary Recall. The Survey Will Be Targeted At Students Aged 10 To 17 Years (standard 4 To Form 5).