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Determination of dietary salt intake among Ministry of Health Staff (MySalt 2015)

Category
INORGANIC CHEMICALS
SALTS

Background: High Level Of Dietary Sodium Is Associated With Elevated Blood Pressure And Adverse Cardiovascular Health. The Aim Of This Study Was To Determine The Amount Of Sodium Intake And Identify The Dietary Sources Of Sodium Among The Ministry Of Health Staff. Methods: This Cross-sectional Study Was Conducted From November To December 2015, Involving 1568 Health Staff Aged 18 - 59 Years Old From 16 Study Sites. A Total Of 98 Respondents Were Randomly Selected From 14 State Health Departments, Ministry Of Health Headquarters (Putrajaya), And National Institute Of Health Study Sites. Data Collection Included Socio-demography, Anthropometric Measurements, Blood Pressure, Two-days Food Diary, Validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), 24-hour Urine Sodium And Spot Urine. Dietary Sodium Was Assessed Using Nutritionist Pro™ Nutrition Analysis Software Version 6.1.0. Urine Sodium Was Tested Using Ion Selective Electrodes Diluted For Sodium In Architect C System Analyzer. Completeness Of Urine Collection Was Based On Volume > 500 Ml. Data Was Analyzed Using SPSS Version 22.


Exploring the experience, challenges and suggestions for improvement among health care providers in managing the growth of indigenous (Orang Asli) children: a qualitative study.

Category
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
GROWTH

A Qualitative Interviews Exploring Challenges Of Healthcare Providers In Managing The Growth Of Indigenous Children (Orang Asli) In Peninsular Malaysia.


Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) Malaysia 2011

Category
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
SMOKING
TOBACCO USE

In Malaysia, GATS Was Conducted In 2011 As A Nationally Representative Household Survey Of Persons 15 Years Of Age And Older Using A Standard Core Questionnaire Plus Country Adapted Questions, Sample Design, As Well As Data Collection And Management Procedures. The Institute For Public Health (IPH) Is The Implementing Agency For GATS Malaysia, In Collaboration With The Tobacco Control Unit & FCTC Secretariat, Diseases Control Division, Health Education Division, Ministry Of Health Malaysian And University Of Malaya. WHO Geneva Provided The Financial Support For Conducting GATS Malaysia. A Multi-stage Stratified Probability Sampling Design Was Used To Select 426 Enumeration Blocks And 5112 Living Quarters For The Survey. One Individual Was Randomly Chosen From Each Selected Living Quarter To Participate In The Survey. GATS Was The First Nationwide Household Survey By IPH To Be Conducted Using Handheld Devices. Data Collection Was Outsourced To A Research Company And This Was The First Time IPH Outsourced Data Collection Activity. Data Collection Was Commenced Immediately After Training Of Field Staff For A Period Of Eight Weeks; I.e. From 24 October To 18 December 2011. Data Collection Was Via Face-to-face Interview Using A Structured, Pre-tested Questionnaire. There Were A Total Of 4742 Completed Interviews. Data Was Analysed Using Sample Weights Which Was Approved By GATS Sample Review Committee. A Report And Fact Sheet Were Produced Four Months After Data Collection.


NATIONAL ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE SURVEY 2016: PREVALENCE, PATTERN AND PERCEPTION REGARDING E-CIGARETTE AND VAPE USE AMONG MALAYSIAN ADULTS

Category
TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY, AND AGRICULTURE
MANUFACTURED MATERIALS
SMOKING DEVICES
ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS

Electronic Cigarette Is A Battery-operated Device Which Vaporizes Nicotine Solution Into A Form Of Inhalable Aerosol. This Product Usually Contains Nicotine And Also A Variety Of Flavourings Such As Tobacco, Menthol, Fruits And Coffee Which Are Dissolved In Propylene Glycol, Glycerine Or A Mixture Of These Two Substances. The Ministry Of Health Malaysia Defines E-cigarette As Nicotine Containing While Vape Does Not. The NECS 2016 Was Done To Measure The Prevalence And Characteristics Of E-cigarette/vape (ECV) Use Among Malaysian Adults. This Study Also Assessed The Public Perception On ECV. This Was A Multi-stage Stratified Cluster Sampling Household Survey Representing All Malaysian Adults Aged 18 Years At National And Urban/rural Level. A Total Of 4,288 Adults From All The States Were Selected And Weighted Using Complex Sampling Method To Represent 19 Million Malaysians.


NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY STUDY 2011-2014

Category
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
MENTAL HEALTH
DEMOGRAPHY
HEALTH STATUS
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
EDUCATION
HEALTH EDUCATION
NUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC DISEASES
METABOLIC DISEASES
GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS
DIABETES MELLITUSS
LIPID METABOLISM DISORDERS
DYSLIPIDEMIAS
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
VASCULAR DISEASES
HYPERTENSION
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
SMOKING
DRINKING BEHAVIOR
ALCOHOL DRINKING
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
EXERCISE
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
HEALTH CARE QUALITY, ACCESS, AND EVALUATION
DELIVERY OF HEALTH CARE
ATTITUDE TO HEALTH
TREATMENT ADHERENCE AND COMPLIANCE
PATIENT ACCEPTANCE OF HEALTH CARE
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEMS RESEARCH
WOUNDS AND INJURIES
BURN
DROWNING
NEAR DROWNING
FRACTURES
ELECTRIC INJURIES

NHMS 2011 Objectives; To Provide Health Related Community Base Data And Information So As To Support The Ministry Of Health Malaysia In Reviewing Its Health Priorities, Programme Strategies, Activities And Planning Its Allocation Of Resources. Scopes Covered In NHMS 2011 Were Grouped Into Two Major Components; Health Care Demand Of The Community In Malaysia (load Of Illness, Health Seeking Behaviour, Health Service Utilisation And Healthcare Cost) And Non-communicatble Diseases (nutritional Status Including Obesity, Physical Inactivity, Hypertension, Diabetes, Hypercholesterolemia) Including Other Health Related Problems (mental Health Problems Of Adults And Children, Home Injury).


National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015-2016: Maternal and Child Health

Category
MENTAL DISORDERS
NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
CHILD DEVELOPMENT DISORDERS, PERVASIVE
DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
AUTISTIC DISORDER
MOTOR SKILLS DISORDERS
COMMUNICATION DISORDERS
MOOD DISORDERS
DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
DEPRESSION, POSTPARTUM
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
SCREEN TIME
WOUNDS AND INJURIES
BURNS
NEAR DROWNING
ACCIDENTAL INJURIES
PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
DEHYDRATION
RESPIRATORY ASPIRATION
EDUCATION
SOCIAL SCIENCES
CHILD CARE
COMPLEX MIXTURES
VACCINES
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
MATERNAL HEALTH
THERAPEUTICS
PATIENT CARE
PERINATAL CARE
POSTNATAL CARE
CONTINUITY OF PATIENT CARE

This Survey Was Focus On Children Under 5 Years And Their Mother Aged 15-49 As Well As Other Women In Reproductive Age (20-49). The Objectives Are To Assess Children Under 5 On Immunisation Coverage, Infant Feeding Status, Child Development, Autism And The Common Morbidities. While For Women, This Survey Will Focus On Antenatal Coverage, Birth History, Postnatal Care And Pre-pregnancy Care.


National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2018: Elderly Health

Category
SOCIAL SCIENCES
QUALITY OF LIFE
SOCIOLOGY
SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS
SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
SOCIAL SUPPORT
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
VIOLENCE
ELDER ABUSE
NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES
BRAIN DISEASES
DEMENTIA
NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATIONS
SENSATION DISORDERS
VISION DISORDERS
HEARING DISORDERS
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
DEPRESSION
SMOKING
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING
EXERCISE
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
ACCIDENTS
ACCIDENTAL FALLS
PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
UROLOGICAL MANIFESTATIONS
LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS
URINARY INCONTINENCE
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
ORAL HEALTH
DEMOGRAPHY
HEALTH STATUS
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
NUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC DISEASES
METABOLIC DISEASES
GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS
DIABETES MELLITUS
LIPID METABOLISM DISORDERS
DYSLIPIDEMIAS
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
VASCULAR DISEASES
HYPERTENSION
NEOPLASMS

National Health And Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2018: Elderly Health Was Part Of NHMS V (2015-2018). The Objective Of This Survey Was To Provide Health Related Community-based Data And Information To The Ministry Of Health To Review Health Priorities, Program Strategies And Activities, And To Plan For The Allocation Of Resources For Pre-elderly And Elderly Health Care Services. This Survey Was Conducted As A Nation-wide Community-based Survey Targeting Elderly Aged 60 Years Or More And Pre-elderly Aged 50 To 59 Years. Data Was Collected Via Face To-face Interview At Respondent’s Homes Using Mobile Devices With Various Assessments Done Based On Topics. A Total Of 5,636 Living Quarters Were Approached With 7,117 Respondents Successfully Interviewed.


National Health and Morbidity Survey 2013-2014

Category
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION

In 2014, Institute For Public Health Conducted Second Malaysia Adult Nutrition Survey Using The National Health Morbidity Survey As The Platform. This Survey Also Covered Whole Malaysia, With The Aim To Describe Detail Findings In Two Zones, Peninsular Malaysia And East Malaysia Comprising Of Sabah And Sarawak. A Total Of 4,000 Nationally Representative Samples Of Malaysian Adults In Selected Households Aged Between 18 And 59 Years Old Were Chosen Randomly. The Data Collection Was Carried Out Between March And June 2014. The Selected Participants Were Interviewed In Their Homes, Work Places And Any Other Vicinity That Were Comfortable And Convenient To Them. Similar Modules As MANS 2003 Were Used With Additional Four Modules; Food Security, Food Labelling, Food Intake By Food Group, And Habits In Relation To Food Consumption. There Was Also A Total Of 165 Itemized Food Questions In Comparison With The 126 In MANS 2003.


National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015

Category
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
MENTAL HEALTH
DEMOGRAPHY
HEALTH STATUS
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
EDUCATION
HEALTH EDUCATION
HEALTH LITERACY
NUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC DISEASES
METABOLIC DISEASES
GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS
DIABETES MELLITUS
LIPID METABOLISM DISORDERS
DYSLIPIDEMIAS
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
VASCULAR DISEASES
HYPERTENSION
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
SMOKING
DRINKING BEHAVIOR
ALCOHOL DRINKING
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
EXERCISE
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
HEMIC AND LYMPHATIC DISEASES
HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES
ANAEMIA
INFECTIONS
VECTOR BORNE DISEASES
ARBOVIRUS INFECTIONS
DENGUE
BACTERIAL INFECTIONS AND MYCOSES
MYCOBACTERIUM INFECTIONS
TUBERCULOSIS
LEPROSY
SOCIAL SCIENCES
SOCIOLOGY
SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS
SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
SOCIAL SUPPORT
HEALTH CARE QUALITY, ACCESS, AND EVALUATION
DELIVERY OF HEALTH CARE
ATTITUDE TO HEALTH
TREATMENT ADHERENCE AND COMPLIANCE
PATIENT ACCEPTANCE OF HEALTH CARE
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEMS RESEARCH
THERAPEUTICS
COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES
MEDICINE, TRADITIONAL

The NHMS 2015 Will Repeat Scopes Of Previous NHMS To Monitor Trends Of Health Problems And Utilisation Of Health Services In Malaysia. The NHMS 2015 Will Cover Most Of The Modules In NHMS 2011 Especially On Health Care Demands, Non-communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases Risk Factors, And A Few Additional Topics As Requested By The Stakeholders.


NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY SURVEY 2017: ADOLESCENT HEALTH AND NUTRITION SURVEY

Category
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION
NUTRITIONAL PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
EATING
MENTAL DISORDERS
SUBSTANCE-RELATED DISORDERS
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, INTRAVENOUS
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, ORAL
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
HEALTH
ORAL HEALTH
MENTAL HEALTH
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION
INTERNET ADDICTION DISORDER
SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
DRINKING BEHAVIOR
ALCOHOL DRINKING
TOBACCO USE
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
EXERCISE
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
CAUSALITY
PROTECTIVE FACTORS
SOCIAL SCIENCES
SOCIOLOGY
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
VIOLENCE
DIAGNOSIS
DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES
PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
ANTHROPOMETRY
FOOD AND BEVERAGES
FOOD
MEALS
NUTRIENTS
VITAMINS
TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY, AND AGRICULTURE
INDUSTRY
FOOD PACKAGING
FOOD LABELING

Two Main Scopes Will Be Included In The Survey. Scopes In The 2012 Survey Will Be Repeated And An Additional Scope On Oral Health Will Be Included 1. The Global School Health Survey (GSHS) GSHS Surveillance Project Designed By The World Health Organisation To Help Countries To Measure And Assess The Behavioural Risk Factors And Protective Factors In 10 Key Areas Among Young People Aged 13 To 17 Years (form 1 To 5). The GSHS Is A Relatively Low-cost School-based Survey Which Uses A Self-administered Questionnaire To Obtain Data On Young People's Health Behaviour And Protective Factors Related To The Leading Causes Of Morbidity And Mortality Among Children And Adults Worldwide. As In The Previous Survey, Additional Modules On Mental Health To Cover Depression, Anxiety And Stress Will Be Included The Survey. 2. National School-Based Nutrition Survey The National School-Based Nutrition Survey Consisted Of A Few Nutrition-related Components, Including Nutritional Status, Meal Pattern, Physical Activity, Behaviour Modification, Supplement Intake, Food Frequency Intake, And 24-hour Dietary Recall. The Survey Will Be Targeted At Students Aged 10 To 17 Years (standard 4 To Form 5).


POPULATION-BASED SALT INTAKE SURVEY TO SUPPORT THE NATIONAL SALT REDUCTION PROGRAMME FOR MALAYSIA

Category
PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA
DIET, FOOD, AND NUTRITION

MyCoSS Was A Cross-sectional Population-based Household Survey. Participants Aged More Than 18 Years Old And Residing In Non-institutional Living Residences Were Included In The Survey. Pregnant Mothers, Patients Recently Began Diuretic Therapy (<4 Weeks), Having Menses During Urine Collection, Those Diagnosed To Have Chronic Diseases (such As Kidney Disease, Heart Failure Or Liver Disease), And Having Difficulty In Collecting Urine, Were Excluded From The Study. To Represent The Malaysian Population, This Survey Conducted A Stratified Cluster Sampling Method. Sampling Design Covered Both Urban And Rural Areas For Every State. Living Quarters Were Randomly Selected By The Department Of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM). Only One Participant Was Selected From A Living Quarter. If There Were More Than One Eligible Participant, Selection Was Made Using A Modified Kish Table. Data Collection Started From October 2017 And Completed In March 2018. Data Collections Via Face-to-face Interviews Were Carried Out At The Participant’s Home Using Mobile Tablets. Questionnaires Consisted Of Personal Information, Medical And Health History, Physical Activity, KAP And Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).


POPULATION-BASED STUDY OF PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AMONG ADULTS IN MALAYSIA

Category
UROGENITAL DISEASES
UROLOGIC DISEASES
KIDNEY DISEASES
RENAL INSUFFICIENCY
RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, CHRONIC

Abstract Background The Prevalence Of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) In Malaysia Was 9.07% In 2011. We Aim To Determine The Current CKD Prevalence In Malaysia And Its Associated Risk Factors. Methods A Population-based Study Was Conducted On A Total Of 890 Respondents Who Were Representative Of The Adult Population In Malaysia, I.e., Aged ≥18 years Old. Respondents Were Randomly Selected Using A Stratified Cluster Method. The Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) Was Estimated From Calibrated Serum Creatinine Using The CKD-EPI Equation. CKD Was Defined As EGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73m2 Or The Presence Of Persistent Albuminuria If EGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73m2. Results Our Study Shows That The Prevalence Of CKD In Malaysia Was 15.48% (95% CI: 12.30, 19.31) In 2018, An Increase Compared To The Year 2011 When The Prevalence Of CKD Was 9.07%. An Estimated 3.85% Had Stage 1 CKD, 4.82% Had Stage 2 CKD, And 6.48% Had Stage 3 CKD, While 0.33% Had Stage 4–5 CKD. Hypertension (aOR 3.72), Diabetes Mellitus (aOR 3.32), Increasing BMI (aOR 1.06), And Increasing Age (aOR 1.06) Were Significantly Associated With CKD. Conclusion Our Study Has Shown That CKD Has Become One Of The Leading Public Health Issues In Malaysia. Thus, There Is An Urgent Need To Screen For CKD And Prevent Its Progression, Associated Morbidity, And Mortality At The National Level.


The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey 2006

Category
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
VASCULAR DISEASES
HYPERTENSION
INFECTIONS
VECTOR BORNE DISEASES
ARBOVIRUS INFECTIONS
DENGUE
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
EXERCISE
NUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC DISEASES
METABOLIC DISEASES
GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS
DIABETES MELLITUS
LIPID METABOLISM DISORDERS
HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA
BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR MECHANISMS
BEHAVIOR
SMOKING
DRINKING BEHAVIOR
ALCOHOL DRINKING
POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
DEMOGRAPHY
HEALTH STATUS
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES
LUNG DISEASES
ASTHMA

A National Wide Survey To Determine The Health Status Of Malaysian Population


Tobacco & e-Cigarette Survey Among Malaysian Adolescent2016

Category
TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY, AND AGRICULTURE
MANUFACTURED MATERIALS
SMOKING DEVICES
ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS
TOBACCO USE

The Tobacco & E-Cigarette Survey Among Malaysian Adolescent (TECMA) 2016 Is A Nationally Representative Study Which Has Been Carried Out To Obtain The Latest Information On Tobacco And E-cigarette/vape Usage Among Malaysian Adolescents As There Is No National Study On This Subject. The Objectives Of This Study Were To Determine E-cigarette/vape Usage, To Assess Student Related Knowledge And Behaviour Towards E-cigarette/vape Usage And To Determine The Prevalence Of Dual Users (tobacco And E-cigarette/vape Users) Among Malaysian Adolescents. A Two-stage Stratified Cluster Sampling Design Was Used For This Survey To Produce A Nationally Representative Data. The Target Population Were School Going Adolescents. A Total Of 14,833 Students From 138 Schools From 15 States Were Selected. A Self-administered Questionnaire Was Used As A Tool For This Survey.